What are the 5 shots in badminton

What are the 5 shots in badminton


The Serve is the first shot in the rally in badminton and it is used to start the point. The player who serves must stand inside the service box and hit the shuttlecock over the net and land it in the opponent’s court. The serve needs to be done in such a way that it is not easy for the opponent to return.

There are different types of serves available in badminton depending on the position of the player:

Forehand Serve

The forehand badminton serve is the most widely used shot and, as its name suggests, is played using your forehand. It can be a powerful tool when used correctly and can be executed in different ways.

This is a handy guide to mastering the basics of the forehand serve:

  1. Stand on the service court with your non-dominant leg forward (if you’re right-handed, for instance, this would be your left leg). This ensures that you have better balance when serving.
  2. Point your racket towards where you plan to hit the shuttlecock – the side line or middle of the backside court – and close your other arm and hand slightly above your head. Lift your arm slightly from the elbow so that it’s parallel to your racket strings and close your fingers into a loose fist for extra support when hitting the shuttlecock.
  3. When ready to swing, start by placing more weight on your front foot as you power up for a leap (this increases power) as you strike downwards into the shuttlecock and launch it over net into target area court with a slight forward twist at wrist. This will help increase spin to make it hard for opponent return shot accurately.

Backhand Serve

The backhand serve is the most commonly used and easiest to master serve in badminton. This shot can be used as a lure to draw your opponent out of position for a drive or drop shot. The backhand serve typically starts at your opponent’s forehand side and lands in their backhand service court.

The shuttle is held up with your racquet parallel to the floor, with your elbow held at a right angle, near face height. You should move forward while striking the shuttle, bringing your racquet straight downward towards the floor while pushing off with one foot and propelling the other towards your target area. The shuttle should then travel on an angled trajectory across the court without additional spin.


The clear is the shot used in badminton to return the shuttle over the net. It is usually played from the back of the court, and it is used to return the shuttle that is far away. The clear is an important shot in badminton as it can knock an opponent off balance and create opportunities for a winning shot. It is also used as a defensive stroke to protect the back boundary of your court.

Let’s examine the other four shots in badminton:

Forehand Clear

A forehand clear is one of the five basic shots in badminton. It consists of a powerful, overhead stroke executed at the rear court that propels the shuttlecock to the farthest reaches of your opponents’ court. The forehand clear requires strong wrist and elbow extensions in order to produce enough power necessary to clear the net and enjoy extended rallies during gameplay.

The stance while executing a forehand clear is crucial, as it should provide support through both legs while keeping your back straight and eyes locked on your target area. When hit correctly, this shot should be aimed at the center most portion of your opponent’s backcourt, with strokes that are long and smooth for increased speed and accuracy.

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The forehand clear is often used as a strategic tool when playing against opponents who are positioned closer to their courts for highly efficient attacking play.

Backhand Clear

The backhand clear is a fundamental badminton shot that acts as your defense and setup for attack. It is also known as a defensive clear or a backhand lift and originates from the rear court on the right side of your body. When hitting a backhand clear, you are hitting the shuttle to the opposite back corner of your opponent’s court.

To execute this shot, keep your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, with weight biased on your rear (left) foot to help you maneuver quickly. Take a longer-than-normal step with your left foot, transferring weight from the rear (left herhandly) foot to left (forehandly) foot then rotate hips and shoulders at emergence of shuttle to generate additional power for the slam. As you hit it upward, open up racket face slightly so that shuttle will travel in an arc shape to bounce once before reaching far back corner. As soon as contact is made with shuttlecock prepare yourself quickly and get ready to react again.

Practice making this shot as precise as possible so that it lands in cross court fashion, highlighting its importance in providing defense against incoming shots from opponent and setting up offensive opportunities for yourself later on:

  • Keep your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, with weight biased on your rear (left) foot to help you maneuver quickly.
  • Take a longer-than-normal step with your left foot, transferring weight from the rear (left herhandly) foot to left (forehandly) foot.
  • Rotate hips and shoulders at emergence of shuttle to generate additional power for the slam.
  • Open up racket face slightly so that shuttle will travel in an arc shape to bounce once before reaching far back corner.
  • As soon as contact is made with shuttlecock prepare yourself quickly and get ready to react again.

Drop Shot

The drop shot is a commonly used shot in badminton that can be used to return a shot from a higher position. The player executing the drop shot needs to hit the shuttlecock with an underhand motion so that it drops just over the net and onto their opponent’s side of the court.

The goal of the drop shot is to make the opponent run to the front of the court in order to return the shot, thus allowing the player more opportunity to win the rally.

Forehand Drop Shot

The forehand drop shot is a signature move in badminton. This shot is used when the opponent has put pressure on the player and to keep them guessing about where the shuttlecock might go next. The forehand drop shot requires accuracy and control, so it tends to be used more by experienced players.

The basic technique for executing a forehand drop shot is as follows:

  • Start with an open-faced racket that’s perpendicular to your body.
  • Position your lower body in a way that allows you to quickly move backward and forward while maintaining balance.
  • Hold the racket just before impact, making sure that your fingers, wrist and elbow are all in line with the shuttlecock.
  • Hit the shuttlecock lightly, aiming between the front service line and back service line of your opponent’s court.
  • Keep your arm up after contact, which helps keep the birdie low over netting for as long as possible gameplay advantage.

Practice this move often, especially with a partner who can help judge where exactly you need to place it each time you hit. When mastered, this deceptive maneuver can be great tool in frustrating opponents!

Backhand Drop Shot

The backhand drop shot is one of five commonly used shots in badminton. The aim of the backhand drop shot is to place the shuttlecock just over the net and close to your opponent as possible, so as to make it difficult for them to retrieve it.

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In order for you to hit this shot correctly, you must make sure that your body weight is distributed in a balanced manner on both feet, then make a smooth outward swing with your arm towards the shuttlecock.

When executing the backhand drop shot, ensure that you have good court coverage towards the direction which you are hitting. Also make use of using a straight wrist action while ensuring that your arm has a long follow through after completing your stroke. Ensure to use minimal power when playing this shot and be sure to keep control over both height and direction at all times in order for it be executed correctly. Additionally, practice will help perfect its accuracy depending on what kind of pattern you’re going for or if it’s intended target location.


Smash is one of the five shots in badminton and is considered one of the most powerful shots. It involves a sudden downward motion from a higher point, using the momentum generated to hit the shuttle and send it to the other side of the court. This shot should be executed with perfect timing in order to be successful and can be used both as an attack and a defense.

Let’s look at the techniques used to execute a successful smash:

Forehand Smash

The forehand smash is a powerful shot delivered with maximum power and speed, making it the most common overhead shot used in badminton. It is an aggressive shot and generally the highest elevation of all clear shots. Typically, this stroke is used when the shuttlecock is just above the playing surface, giving you time to rotate your body to face forward so you can both generate power and direct the shuttlecock towards your desired target area on the court.

This shot should be performed with a jumping motion to deliver maximum power. The frame of the racket should be drawn tight across the chest and waist as your racket swings up over your head, which generates extra momentum for a stronger impact at contact. To further improve power and accuracy, utilize a flick of your wrist shortly before impact with a full swing – if done correctly; it will transfer both spin and speed onto the shuttlecock simultaneously allowing it to go farther in its trajectory before landing on your opponent’s side of the court.

Backhand Smash

A backhand smash is an important shot in badminton and it involves hitting the shuttlecock from a backhanded grip. To master this shot, it is important to understand the mechanics of the movement.

For beginners, the backhand smash begins with movement to the side of your body to create balance and then shifting your weight across to put some power behind the shot. Your arm should be slightly bent and resting near your waist as you twist into position for optimal power before hitting. Then with a short sharp movement you bring your racket up over shoulder height before striking downwards at an angle towards your opponent’s side of the court. You should also twist your palm backwards as you strike to keep your non-racket arm outstretched for maximum reach.

As with any stroke in badminton, practice makes perfect and mastering this shot takes time and dedication as you learn how much power and technique needs to go into each movement. When timing is right, you will feel a full body sensation as you swing!

Net Shot

The net shot is an offensive shot used to keep the shuttlecock close to the net while the opponent is on the defensive. It can also be used to set up other shots and create an opening for you to take control of the game. This shot requires careful placement and timing that can be difficult to master.

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Let’s take a look at the net shot further and how to execute it:

Forehand Net Shot

The forehand net shot is a basic badminton shot used by intermediate and advance players to win points. This shot is effective if the opponent defends weakly at the net or there is an imbalance in court positioning. The forehand net shot can be used to lift the shuttle over, or drive it flat past your opponent at the net.

In order to execute the shot effectively, stand close to the net and maintain a low center of gravity. Ready yourself for instant reaction and keep your racket angled slightly downwards when returning your opponent’s serve or drop. Make sure you strike directly in front of you and focus on precision as opposed to speed and power – with practice, high level of accuracy can be achieved which will surprise your opposition. When defending against difficult incoming shots, use a high follow through with more power and height so that you give more time for recovery from defensive shots.

This shot can be improved by regularly practicing quick reflexes and aiming for accuracy over power. It’s also beneficial to learn how different strokes require different angles when executing the forehand net shot – for example, common groundstrokes such as backhand clear shots require lower angles whilst smashes require higher angles when using this particular technique.

Backhand Net Shot

The Backhand Net Shot is a popular and highly effective shot used in badminton. It is most commonly performed by advanced players, as it requires precise timing and precise smashes. The intention of the shot is to clear the net without returning the birdie to your opponent quickly enough for him or her to return it.

To hit the backhand net shot, the player has to position their body a few meters from the opponent’s court and slightly in front of their dominant side, usually left if they are a right-handed player. Their racket should be equipped with the right grip and held at an angle so that it forms a rectangle together with their non-racket arm. The player should then proceed to swing up with their racket while slightly leaning forward while executing this shot.

In order for this shot to be successful, timing is crucial and each step should be carefully executed in perfect coordination – from positioning, to swinging up with proper whip motion and finally slapping downward on the shuttlecock at an angle so that it can just fly over and above your opponent’s court without being seen breaking any existing plane for more than a fraction of time which results in your opponent missing out on returning this fast paced Birdie shoot before crossing over into his/her court!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are the 5 shots in badminton?
A1: The 5 shots in badminton are the clear, drop shot, smash, lob and drive.

Q2: How do you perform the clear shot in badminton?
A2: To perform the clear shot in badminton, you need to hit the shuttlecock in a high arc with a powerful backhand or forehand stroke.

Q3: What is the purpose of the drop shot in badminton?
A3: The purpose of the drop shot in badminton is to make your opponent run to the front of the court so that you can take the next shot.